Fragments from the 2010 European Commission progress report on Kosovo pertaining the fields of air transport and information society.
Progress on air transport:
There has been significant progress on air transport. Substantial legislation under the European Common Aviation Area (ECAA) Agreement has already been transposed and full implementation of the first transitional phase of the Agreement might be possible by the beginning of 2011, provided efforts continue in all areas, including state aid and working time. The national aviation security and quality control programmes were adopted in December 2009.
Progress continued in the air traffic management field where the single European sky legislation has been transposed to a high degree. Further efforts are needed to complete regulatory alignment with the single European sky within the ISIS Programme. The government needs to strengthen capacity and attract professionals on air transport regulation and on implementation of aviation standards to meet ECAA requirements.
In May, an international consortium was selected to develop Pristina international airport under a public-private partnership with a twenty-year concession. An Aircraft Accident Investigation Commission has been established in the Office of the Prime Minister. In December, the Ministry of the Interior adopted a National Civil Aviation Security Programme, establishing practices, procedures and regulations to protect the safety of passengers, crew and ground personnel in Kosovo.
Progress on information society:
There has been little progress as regards electronic communications and information technologies. The Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA) adopted its 2010 work plan in January. The Ministry of Transport and Telecommunications has developed a strategy and action plan to create an internet exchange point. Kosovo has neither an internet country code top-level domain name nor an international dialling code.
The regulator adopted a Regulation on carrier selection and carrier pre-selection and also the Regulation on radio stations for which a frequency spectrum licence is not required. Fixed telephony penetration, with two licensed operators, is still low at 5%. Mobile telephony penetration was 71% (at the end of 2009) with four mobile operators (two mobile network operators and two mobile virtual network operators) active in the market. Broadband
penetration is 6.4%. Eleven licensed operators provide internet services, of which four are national operators and the others provide locally.
In terms of market regulation, there has been little activity. The Telecommunications Regulatory Authority faces substantial constraints in preparing and implementing legislation in the form of lack of human resources, expertise, and constraints on its financial independence. As a consequence the TRA does not have the necessary capacity and authority to conduct its tasks of an independent regulatory authority to the fullest.
The process for privatising PTK (Post and Telecom of Kosovo) has been launched and is expected to be finalised by the end of 2010. This privatisation is part of the agreement between Kosovo and the IMF.
There has been limited progress in the area of information society services. The Law on personal data protection has been adopted. The Law on preventing and fighting cybercrime has been adopted in June. The 2005 Law on information society services is not being fully implemented and e-government services have yet to be developed.
Edit: Forgot to mention that the only other case of significant progress is decentralization.